Glossary of Terms
 
Cardno Acil Pty Ltd Cardno Acil Proprietary Limited.
   
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
   
ASEAN Association of South-East Asian Nations.
   
ADB Asian Development Bank.
   
AIDAB (Now AusAID.)
   
AusAID Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID).
   
Biodiversity The natural variety of life in all forms, levels, and combinations, together with the environmental conditions necessary for survival. Biodiversity includes: regional diversity, ecosystem diversity, species diversity, genetic diversity.
   
Capacity Building To increase the operating efficiency of a government or non-government institution, a community based organisation, a community per se or an individual through training (increasing knowledge), changed operating procedures, restructuring, etc.
   
CEO Chief Executive Officer.
   
Community Development A process of developing or building up communities of men and women to enable empowerment, self-sufficiency and control over their environment. Community development differs from community consultation in that it achieves deeper knowledge, empathy, active participation and an increase in overall community confidence in its capacity to take decisions. Community consultation refers to a more unequal process where one party dictates the terms on which information will be transferred and responses obtained.
   
Conservation The management of human use of the biosphere (and its component, species, communities and ecosystems) to yield the greatest sustainable benefit to present generations while maintaining its potential to meet needs and aspirations of future generations. Thus, conservation embraces preservation, maintenance, sustainable utilisation and restoration, and enhancement of the natural environment.
CV Curriculum Vitae.
   
Effect Refers to the outcomes of a development activity and/or project at the purpose level. Purpose, effect and outcome all therefore convey the same meaning.
   
Empowerment Increasing the capacity of individuals, communities or institutions to become more self-reliant.
   
Evaluation Is the assessment of how well a project/activity achieved its objectives. Ongoing evaluation (during project implementation) is referred to as 'review' and is linked closely with monitoring.
   
FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation.
   
GAD Gender and Development.
   
Gender and Development An analytical approach which considers both womenÕs and menÕs roles and responsibilities within the community and their relationship to each other in order to ensure that womenÕs concerns and needs are addressed in design and implementation of activities.
   
Gender Analysis The process of considering the impact that a development program or project may have on women / girls and men / boys, and on the economic and social relationships between them.
   
Impact Any effect caused by a proposed activity on the environment including human health and safety, flora, fauna, soil, air, water, climate, landscape and historical monuments or other physical structures of the interaction among these factors; it also includes effects on cultural heritage or socio-economic conditions resulting from alternatives to those factors.
   
Indicator Is the unit of measurement (or pointers) that is used to monitor or evaluate the achievement of project objectives over time. Indicators can include specification of quantifiable targets and measures of quality.
L&J Law and Justice.
   
M&E Monitoring and Evaluation.
   
Management Plan The systematic collection of information and development of specific strategies and actions that will bring about a desired outcome.
   
Marine Protected Area Any are of intertidal or sub tidal terrain, together with its overlying water and associated flora and fauna, historical and cultural features, which haws been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all the enclosed environment.
   
Milestone In project implementation is an event which is selected to signify that certain project activities have been completed. Milestones are usually used as trigger points for AusAID to make payments to contractors and may represent an amalgamation of management outputs as opposed to project outputs.
   
MIS Management Information System.
   
Monitoring Is concerned with assessing the implementation progress of a project or activity and identifying action to correct problems where they occur. It includes the processes of collecting, analysing, recording, reporting and using management information about the physical and financial progress of a project. The focus is on the activity and output levels of the Logical Framework hierarchy of objectives. Input monitoring may also be required in some circumstances. Monitoring is a core management responsibility during implementation.
   
NGO Non Government Organisation.
   
Objective Refers to what the project aims to achieve at each level of the Logframe hierarchy from the output up to the goal level. One can therefore refer to goal, purpose, component or output level objectives.
   
Outcome Is used to describe what the project or activity is expected to achieve at the component and purpose level objectives.
   
Output Refers to the products and services which are directly produced by an agency (or project) and delivered to external users. In the context of the Logframe hierarchy, outputs are the tangible result of applying inputs and undertaking activities. A distinction should be made between:
  á       project outputs (which may arise as the result of activities undertaken by a range of different stakeholders);
  á       contractible outputs (which AusAID specifically contracts an agent to deliver and which must therefore be largely under the agent's control); and
  á       and partner government outputs.
   
  This distinction is important in framing realistic and enforceable contracts with private contractors and in developing practical and effective memoranda of understanding with partner governments.
   
Participation Empowering people to mobilise their own capacities, be social actors, rather than passive subjects, manage the resources, make decisions, and control the activities that affect their lives.
   
Resource A biological, mineral or other material component, whether natural or not, of the environment, including a permanent or temporary combination or association of components.
   
Resource Management Management of resources or use of resources.
   
Resource Use Includes proposed use and, in relation to a resource, use for, or by way of, conservation or development, and use of the resource before, during or after any processing.
   
Stakeholder A person or group interested in, affected by or involved in an issue.
   
Sustainable Use The use of components of biological diversity in a way and at a rate that does not lead to the long-term decline of biological diversity, thereby maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations.
   
UNDP United Nations Development Programme.
   
USAID United States Agency for International Development.
   
WB World Bank.