Cardno Acil specialises in the management of aid projects in developing
countries. We are committed to strengthening institutions and achieving
improvements in living conditions for poor people in those countries.
We promote an integrated team effort of clients, communities, agencies
and Cardno Acil staff.
Cardno Acil provides the best available consultants and support teams to
achieve quality outcomes. We seek continued growth through diversifying
the range of disciplines and country experience offered to our clients.
Established in 1967 as an agricultural consulting company, we now
specialise in managing international development assistance projects
across a range of sectors. Over three decades Cardno Acil has successfully
implemented projects in the following Sectors (click on each sector
title for further details):
Credit & Economics
Education & Training
Gender & Community Development
Governance & Public Sector (including Institutional
Infrastructure & Water Supply
Law & Justice
Natural Resources & Environment (including Marine)
Our work has spanned the diverse political, cultural, economic and
social systems of some sixty countries in Asia, the Pacific and
Cardno Acil is one of Australia's largest independent exporters of international
development consultancy and project management services. We provide
technical assistance for the World Bank (WB), the Asian Development
Bank (ADB), the Australian Agency for International Development
(AusAID) and UN agencies such as the United Nations Development
Programme (UNDP). Our consultants also advise individual governments
and companies and provide training for other contractors.
Cardno Acil is client-focused and attentive to the changing needs of funding
agencies and recipient governments. We implement a process of continuous
improvement through our international certified Quality Assurance
System (ISO9001). Cardno Acil staff monitor trends in development assistance
to respond quickly and effectively to changes in policy or direction.
Cardno Acil has a strong corporate identity and a reputation for integrity.
Our services are valued by our clients, project participants and
people in need. We take pride in our development assistance work
which contributes to economic and social advancement in developing
Credit & Economics
Cardno Acil has implemented many projects, particularly rural development
projects, in which microfinance and microenterprise development
played a key role in assisting communities to improve income in
order to promote sustainable development. We also have a range of
experience in public sector economic reform, including assistance
in developing policy frameworks for trade, pricing and competition.
Appropriate policy frameworks are crucial for promoting sustainable
and equitable development.
We work with communities to develop suitable funding, credit and
microenterprises. One of the aims of this work is to ensure that
communities have the capacity to maintain and repair new infrastructure
and to develop means of alternative income generation to enhance
income options and reduce risk.
Cardno Acil has often had a key role in identifying the need for new economic
policies and programs to promote environmental sustainability. In
developing watershed management plans we have highlighted the need
for new economic and regional development policies. New policies
are essential to assist communities in achieving increased agricultural
production from reduced arable areas and to assist with the transition
to post-harvest activities necessary for sustainable development
with economic growth.
Through Period Contracts we presently provide specialist support
to AusAID in economic policy reform, microfinance and microenterprise
Education & Training
Cardno Acil has supported education institutions at all levels in Asia
and PNG to develop their capacity. This has particularly focused
on technical and vocational training institutions and universities.
It has involved development of curricula and teaching materials,
in-service training, and refurbishment and construction of education
institutions. We have also worked in distance education, both designing
and implementing projects to support the introduction of distance
We have worked with Universities to increase capacity of teaching
and research in the fields of agriculture, English language, basic
sciences, technical development, animal science development and
administration and library development.
In technical and vocational education, Cardno Acil undertook an education
sector review on behalf of AusAID. This included the examination
of the role of non-formal education and non-government organisations
in the overall education sector in PNG. We have worked with agriculture
training institutions in Laos to develop curricula, conduct in-service
training, develop teaching material and refurbish and construct
We are currently introducing competency-based training into all
Technical Colleges in PNG, and conducting in-service training across
a number of areas. We are working with management to improve the
management and administration capacity of these education institutions.
We also manage a project to support the institutional strengthening
of the PNG National Fisheries College so that it will be better
able to participate in and promote the development of the PNG commercial
fisheries sector. This will involve facilitating development of
courses to meet industry needs and national competency accreditation,
refurbishment and construction of facilities, and establishing a
student support scheme.
Over the past decade Cardno Acil has also trained well over 70,000 people
in more than 30 countries. This is in addition to the normal on-the-job
training that occurs on all our projects. Training has covered a
broad spectrum of sectors: agriculture, community development, education,
environmental management, gender, health, law and justice, and management.
The trainees ranged from community members and farmers, to government,
professional and skilled staff. It is gratifying that many of these
trainees are now decision makers contributing to the development
of their own countries.
We have also prepared people to undertake overseas training. This
has included provision of English language training and cultural
information about living in Australia. We regularly co-ordinate
training and organise study tours in-Australia and other countries.
To support our work in this sector, we have several head office
staff with education sector specialisations, and others who have
completed formal training qualifications.
Gender & Community Development
Cardno Acil has a wealth of experience in providing GAD advice to AusAID,
ADB, WB and other agencies as well as recipient governments. We
have held AusAID's GAD (previously WID) Period Contracts since 1991.
We can provide the entire range of consulting services associated
with GAD, currently having some 300 consultants registered with
GAD expertise, which covers a range of countries and technical areas.
Holding AusAID's GAD Period Contract entails the provision of training
courses for AusAID staff and major contractors in gender awareness
and gender analysis techniques for use in project design and implementation,
formulation of GAD guidelines, preparation of a Gender and Development
guidelines booklet, preparation of research papers and literature
reviews, and technical appraisal of project proposals and contract
tender documentation. Overseas assignments have entailed consulting
services in community development and Gender and Development aspects
of identification and appraisal missions, and pre-feasibility and
feasibility studies in health, education and poverty alleviation,
in several countries in Asia and the Pacific. Cardno Acil has provided
such consulting services on over 30 separate occasions since 1992.
Governance & Public Sector (including Institutional
Cardno Acil has advised on the development of improved management and operation
of all levels of governments to improve efficiency and effectiveness
of service provision. We have also assisted communities to clarify
their needs and worked with government agencies to address those
needs and remove constraints to development. Cardno Acil strongly supports
the thesis that there is an essential link between open democratic
and accountable systems of government and the ability to achieve
sustained economic and social development. For almost 20 years Cardno Acil
has demonstrated the idea that community empowerment increases the
demands on government agencies to provide effective services in
an open and accountable manner.
Good governance is effective, transparent, accountable and equitable
resource management which responds to community needs. It is central
to successful implementation of all our World Bank, Asian Development
Bank and AusAID projects. Good governance ensures sustainable development.
Cardno Acil also holds a Period Contract with AusAID to provide specialist
Examples of the expertise we have provided under this contract include:
- drafting legislation on trade issues;
- reviewing the operations of a judicial system (particularly
the court system);
- advising on community policing; and
- reviewing microfinance activities.
Improving health standards has been part of many of Cardno Acil's development
projects in the past two decades. We have managed over 35 health
projects in the last five years and have also held AusAID Health
Period Contracts in Health, Population and Family Planning (1995-1998),
Health Service Delivery (1998-2001) and Preventive Health (1998-2001).
We currently have the Health Sector Period Contract with AusAID.
Cardno Acil's consulting team have expertise across a broad range of health
issues including: primary health care, community health, maternal
and child health, health education and training, and emergency relief
and refugee issues.
Cardno Acil offers a wide range of consulting services in the area of international
health. We have experience with feasibility, design, implementation,
and monitoring and evaluation of health projects in both urban and
rural settings in Asia, PNG and the Pacific. Our experience also
encompasses: health sector reform, health service delivery, training
for health workers at all levels, preventative health, health promotion,
family planning, HIV and sexually transmitted diseases and malaria.
Cardno Acil believes in developing the community structures and skills
required for sustainable improvements in health practices.
Infrastructure & Water Supply
Cardno Acil has considerable experience in construction, rural road development,
water supply, sanitation and water resource development. We have
a resident engineer to manage, advise and assist project teams involved
in implementing infrastructure components of projects.
Complex interrelationships between elements within environmental
projects, such as river basin management studies, require an integrated
multi-disciplinary approach. Our consultants have worked successfully
in teams with engineers, regional planners, natural resource management
specialists and rural institution specialists. Cardno Acil has substantial
experience in the design, implementation and management of integrated
area development projects. These projects include major components
on irrigated agriculture, rural roads, community water supply and
We also have extensive experience in managing construction projects
in Fiji, PNG, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia and the Philippines.
We have managed the construction and refurbishment of:
- health facilities (district hospitals, village primary healthcare
centres, maternal and child health centres training centres
and health promotion centres);
- police facilities (training facilities, public complaints
- water supply facilities (urban water systems, water treatment
facilities and community water supply and sanitation facilities);
- education facilities (technical and vocational training facilities);
- other works (such as accommodation units, emergency electricity
systems, government offices, laboratories, storehouses and workshops).
To ensure sustainability of our work we prioritise the establishment
of effective facility maintenance and asset management systems.
Law & Justice
Cardno Acil has over 10 years experience in implementing politically sensitive
and complex projects in Law and Justice (L&J). We have designed,
implemented and monitored projects in policing, corrections, legal
and judicial reform, and legal education. Cardno Acil has worked with partner
governments to strengthen their justice agencies. We have also identified
and reviewed work of non-government and community-based organisations
that promote human rights and access to justice. Law and justice
are increasingly community concerns, and Cardno Acil-managed projects involve
Cardno Acil's experience includes developing robust systems and procedures
in organisational development (including financial management and
human resources), information management, community-based corrections,
and village courts.
We also have extensive experience in strengthening the technical
policing and corporate management capacity of police forces. With
a strong focus on community based policing, and building links between
police and community leaders. Cardno Acil advisers also develop links with
a range of NGOs when we need to increase the capacity to implement
development activities. Developing the skill of local people is
a major focus in many of the L&J projects.
Due to our vast expertise in PNG L&J, Cardno Acil has undertaken various
studies in PNG at AusAID's request, to identify areas of need for
AusAID assistance. These studies have formed the basis for planning
community level support in this sector.
Another area of L&J where we have considerable experience is
in Correctional Services. We have managed projects which focus on
improving management skills and corporate support systems, the development
of staff training material, and the effective operation of prisons
around the country, to ensure that prisoners have access to minimum
standards of care.
Natural Resources & Environment (including
For over 30 years Cardno Acil has been implementing projects in the natural
resources and environmental sectors. Agriculture and livestock projects
are included in this category. In its early years Cardno Acil implemented
many integrated rural development projects in association with engineering
companies. These included projects in the Philippines and Indonesia
which used Cardno Acil's extensive experience in the agricultural and livestock
sector. From this relatively modest base Cardno Acil's experience in the
natural resources and environment sector has grown to include such
diverse projects as integrated watershed management in Indonesia,
minewaste rehabilitation in China, and strengthening environmental
management and environment impact assessment processes in the Department
of Environment and Natural Resources in the Philippines.
Recently we have expanded our portfolio to include marine environments.
We are presently managing fisheries projects in PNG, and coral reef
management and rehabilitation projects in Indonesia.
In addition to our extensive experience in implementing large scale
projects, Cardno Acil has often been contracted to provide specialist advice
on biodiversity, conversation, agriculture, fisheries, forestry
and natural resource management. In these areas we
Cardno Acil also has expertise in all areas of tropical agriculture. Food
and tree production have been important components of most of our
agriculture sector projects. We have also developed seed industries
from plant breeding to seed distribution and developing improved
- appraised and reviewed environmental aspects of project documents;
- run training courses in environmental awareness for AusAID
staff and major contractors;
- conducted sectoral reviews and environmental impact assessments;
- undertaken environmental planning and management studies;
- prepared environmental policies;
- conducted agricultural sector reviews - Indonesia;
- designed watershed and rangeland projects - China;
- designed and evaluated water supply projects - Indonesia;
- reviewed and assessed natural resource projects - Papua New
Cardno Acil has substantial knowledge and capability in identification,
feasibility, assessment, design and implementation of livestock
development projects. We have managed several large projects involving
livestock, pasture and rangeland development, fodder crops and related
rural development components. Training and human resource development
are key elements of most of the livestock projects implemented by
We have learnt that careful consideration of appropriate extension
strategies is crucial to ensure social and cultural acceptance of
technologies and methods. Cardno Acil has adopted a bottom-up approach
to agricultural planning, and a farming systems approach to extension.
We believe that useful research should address farmers' priority
problems, by field testing appropriate and economically viable technology.